About the high pressure sodium lamp
400 watt high pressure sodium lamps are designed to assist your indoor garden in reaching its full potential. Such a system is designed for longevity, and these HPS lights are generally more resistant to potential damage. A typical lamp is comprised of three parts; the reflector, the ballast, and the socket. The socket cord is generally between ten and twelve inches long, and they are designed to hook into any hood system. The socket is easy to assemble or dissemble as is needed.
The reflector in a high pressure sodium lamp is constructed from heavy duty, lightweight sheet metal. It is specially treated to resist rust. A reflector is supposed to produce direct light that will increase the overall light output that comes from the hood assembly. A horizontal shaped deflector allows the reflection of light directly to the plants resulting from proper downward reflection. A quality reflector in HPS lights will contain twelve "bends" for even light distribution without resulting in hot spots on the reflector. Such knowledge is important to have so that a consumer knows how to choose a quality product.
HPS lights also contain a ballast. The ballast is protected by component enclosure housing. The housing is constructed from extruded aluminum. Fins on the housing of the ballast allow heat to safely dissipate without air vents. A ballast, itself, serves as the point in which the heat dissipates from a light fixture. High pressure sodium lamps require specifically engineered ballasts due to the high amount of energy and electrical currents that they use. However, they are remarkably energy efficient for the power that they do consume, and the 400 watt bulb (i.e. Sylvania Lumalux 400W) has proven a popular option among gardening enthusiasts. If the 400 watt bulb is not adequate for your needs, then the bulbs come in an incredibly wide variety of wattages.
High pressure sodium lamps have a strong red color spectrum. This is particularly beneficial in aiding plants that are flowering and fruiting. It has been scientifically proven that these HPS fixtures increase 00W HPS lamp with a metal halide lamp to increase the photosynthetic activity of their vegetation. This also promotes the horizontal growth of plants.
Indoor gardeners will want to choose high pressure sodium lamps for several different reasons. Plants, whether they grow indoors or out, require the use of light to help them with their natural processes. If sunlight is unavailable, then an artificial light source is needed to keep them at their healthiest, allowing them to perform photosynthesis in the same manner they would do outdoors. Every plant has different sunlight needs, with different lighting functioning in ways that change throughout a plant's life cycle. Some, from more tropical climates for instance, will require a higher level of sunlight.
Because the light is meant to simulate the natural light of the sun, HPS lamps can be put on timers that switch them on and off in the appropriate intervals to mirror night and day. This keeps a plant on track with its own internal clock. For most normal plants, it's recommended that they experience 12 hours of direct lighting, followed by 12 hours of darkness to give the feel of nighttime. Just like humans, plants need rest. It is a delicate balance that new indoor gardeners will need to get the hang of.
There are a number of benefits to using a high pressure sodium lamp while growing indoor plants. They boast a high energy efficiency and output, and are easy to use and set up. Their efficiency is estimated to be about six times that of a regular incandescent lamp. In addition, they are extremely economically sound for the gardener on a budget, and long lasting with little need for replacement. High pressure sodium lighting is a wonderful innovation for the proper growth of indoor plants. As a result, this has already become one of the most popular tools of gardeners all over the world, increasing the yield of flowers and fruit from all types of plants.
Hydroponic gardening and indoor gardening are two very popular hobbies for many people. For some, it is even a business venture that requires the best equipment and lighting to ensure that high quality plants are produced. It doesn't matter whether you're growing flowers or produce, because you will always want to use some form of high intensity discharge, or HID, lighting for your indoor garden. These lights come as close to natural sunlight as you're going to get, which makes them a great choice for indoor gardening and hydroponics. One of the HID lighting solutions that you can use for your indoor garden is the high pressure sodium lamp.